Friday, September 9, 2016 » August 2016 Monthly Market Commentary Market Commentary, Commentary U.S. Economy and Markets: Domestic equity markets were positive in August, as the Wilshire 5000 Total Market IndexSM returned 0.25% and the S&P 500 Index returned 0.14%. Market volatility increased in August, with the CBOE Volatility Index (VIX) ending the month at 13.07, up from 11.87 at the end of July 2016. Performance across GICS sectors was mixed for the month, with the Financials and Information Technology sectors leading the group, returning 3.31% and 2.06%, respectively. On the other hand, Utilities was the worst performing sector in August, falling -5.41%. Small cap stocks outperformed their large cap counterparts this month, with the Wilshire U.S. Large Cap IndexSM and the Wilshire U.S. Small Cap IndexSM returning 0.14% and 1.25%, respectively. U.S. manufacturing activity, as measured by the Institute for Supply Management’s PMI, registered 49.4% in August, down from the July reading of 52.6%. Generally a reading above 50% indicates expansion.